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Solvent-free selective oxidation of alcohols by molecular oxygen over gold nanoparticles supported on β-MnO2 nanorods

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43111 45955 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Solvent-free selective oxidation of alcohols by molecular oxygen over gold nanoparticles supported on β-MnO2 nanorods
Abstract

The performances of a series of MnO2-supported gold nanocatalysts with varying gold loading were studied in the solvent-free selective oxidation of alcohols by molecular oxygen. The gold was deposited onto the β-MnO2 support, featuring one dimensional rod-like morphology, by means of homogeneous deposition–precipitation. The catalytic activity of the catalyst for the solvent-free aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol was found to increase with increasing gold loading, with the highest specific activity in terms of turnover frequencies (TOF) being achieved over the catalyst with 5 wt.% gold loading. Both XRD and TEM results showed that the majority of Au particles of various catalysts have diameters in the range of 2–6 nm. Temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) results indicated that the reducibility of MnO2 was significantly enhanced with the surface-deposited gold nanoparticles. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed the coexistence of both oxidized and metallic gold species on the surface of MnO2, the composition of which depends critically on the gold loading. The superior specific activity of the catalyst with 5% gold loading was attributed to the presence of higher amounts of positive gold species and more surface oxygen vacancy sites resulting from stronger metal–support interactions as compared to other catalysts.

Graphical abstractGold nanoparticles supported on β-MnO2 nanorod materials with different gold loadings were studied in the liquid-phase aerobic oxidation of alcohols under solvent-free conditions. The activity of a gold catalyst can be significantly enhanced by increasing the gold loading. The catalyst with 5 wt.% gold loading exhibited the highest specific activity in terms of turnover frequencies (TOF). The presence of higher amounts of positive gold species and surface oxygen vacancy sites resulting from stronger metal–support interactions was suggested to account for the superior catalytic performance of this catalyst. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Gold; β-MnO2 nanorods; Solvent-free; Aerobic; Alcohol oxidation
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Solvent-free selective oxidation of alcohols by molecular oxygen over gold nanoparticles supported on β-MnO2 nanorods
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 344, Issues 1–2, 15 July 2008, Pages 150–157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us