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Direct H2-to-H2O2 oxidation over highly active/selective Br–F–Pd/Al2O3 catalyst in aqueous acidic medium: Influence of process conditions on the H2O2 formation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43151 45957 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Direct H2-to-H2O2 oxidation over highly active/selective Br–F–Pd/Al2O3 catalyst in aqueous acidic medium: Influence of process conditions on the H2O2 formation
Abstract

The influence of the O2/H2 mole ratio in the gaseous feed and also those of other reaction conditions [viz. concentration of H3PO4 (0–5 mol/dm3), temperature (5–50 °C), gas (H2 and O2) space velocity (5.8–23.4 h−1) and reaction time (0.1–8 h)] on the H2O2 formation in the H2-to-H2O2 oxidation over the Br(1 wt%)–F(1 wt%)–Pd(5 wt%)/Al2O3 catalyst in an aqueous acidic (H3PO4) medium have been thoroughly investigated. The effects of the O2/H2 ratio, reaction temperature and acid concentration on the destruction of H2O2 by its decomposition and/or hydrogenation reactions over the catalyst in the acidic reaction medium have also been studied. The net H2O2 formation (H2O2 yield) over the catalyst passed through a maximum with increasing the acid concentration, the temperature or the O2/H2 feed ratio. However, it decreased markedly with increasing the gas space velocity or the reaction period. The H2O2 decomposition and hydrogenation activities of the catalyst increased appreciably with increasing the reaction temperature and decreased with increasing the acid concentration. The H2O2 destruction during the H2-to-H2O2 oxidation increased with increasing the concentration of H2 (relative to that of O2) due to the increased H2O2 hydrogenation rate over the catalyst. The net H2O2 formation in the H2-to-H2O2 oxidation decreased sharply with increasing the initial amount of H2O2 present in the reaction mixture. The presence of H2O2 and the higher H2/O2 ratios have detrimental effects on the net formation of H2O2.

Graphical abstractThe influences of the O2/H2 mole ratio, temperature, gas space velocity, reaction time and concentration of H3PO4 in the medium on the H2O2 formation in the H2-to-H2O2 oxidation and also on the destruction of H2O2 by its decomposition and/or hydrogenation have been thoroughly investigated. The influence of the initial concentration of H2O2 on the H2O2 formation has also been studied.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrogen oxidation; Hydrogen peroxide; Br–F–Pd/Al2O3 catalyst; H2O2 decomposition; H2O2 hydrogenation
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Direct H2-to-H2O2 oxidation over highly active/selective Br–F–Pd/Al2O3 catalyst in aqueous acidic medium: Influence of process conditions on the H2O2 formation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 352, Issues 1–2, 15 January 2009, Pages 35–42
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us