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Propane reforming on Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst: H2 production for IT-SOFCs under SR and ATR conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43184 45958 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Propane reforming on Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst: H2 production for IT-SOFCs under SR and ATR conditions
Abstract

Steam and auto-thermal reforming of propane over a Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst prepared by hydrothermal method were investigated under intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC) operating conditions. Such an approach is propaedeutical for the application of the catalyst in IT-SOFC.At reaction temperature higher than 700 °C, under both steam reforming (SR) and auto-thermal reforming (ATR), high propane conversion and syngas (H2 + CO) productivity were obtained. In SR significant amount of filamentous carbon was formed mainly at 600 °C, with subsequent catalyst deactivation. In ATR, coke formation was completely depressed and the catalyst resulted to be very stable in all investigated reaction conditions. Notwithstanding the oxygen storage capability and redox properties of ceria in promoting both oxygen activation and carbon residues gasification, without oxygen in gas phase the concentration of oxygen vacancies itself were not able to inhibit carbon deposition. On the other hand, the presence of oxygen in the reaction stream slightly negatively reflects on syngas production, since it promotes CO2 and H2O formation; however, the loss in selectivity is widely compensated by the absence of deactivation phenomena.

Graphical abstractSteam and auto-thermal reforming of propane over a Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst prepared by hydrothermal method were investigated under intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operating conditions. High propane conversion and syngas (CO + H2) productivity were obtained both in SR and ATR conditions. In SR significant amount of filamentous carbon was formed mainly at 600 °C, with subsequent catalyst deactivation, while in ATR coke formation was completely depressed. The oxygen storage capability and redox properties of ceria were indicated to be responsible for promoting both oxygen activation and carbon residues gasification. The presence of oxygen in the reaction stream slightly negatively reflects on syngas production, since it promotes CO2 and H2O formation, however, the loss in selectivity is widely compensated by the absence of deactivation phenomena. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrogen production; SOFC; Propane reforming; Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst
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Propane reforming on Ni–Ru/GDC catalyst: H2 production for IT-SOFCs under SR and ATR conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 334, Issues 1–2, 1 January 2008, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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