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Dry reforming of methane over LaNi1−yByO3±δ (B = Mg, Co) perovskites used as catalyst precursor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43214 45958 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Dry reforming of methane over LaNi1−yByO3±δ (B = Mg, Co) perovskites used as catalyst precursor
Abstract

Perovskites LaNiO3, LaNi1−xMgxO3−δ and LaNi1−xCoxO3−δ were synthesized by auto combustion method. TPR analysis reveled that Mg or Co substituted perovskites were more difficult to reduce. The perovskites were evaluated as catalyst precursors in the dry reforming of methane. Catalysts obtained by reduction of LaNiO3 and LaNi1−xMgxO3−δ perovskite had the highest catalytic activity for CO2 reforming of CH4 at 700 °C using drastic reaction conditions (10 mg of catalyst, a mixture of CH4/CO2 without dilution gas). Methane and carbon dioxide conversions were 57% and 67%, respectively, with a H2/CO ratio equal to 0.47.The presence of cobalt leads to a decrease of the catalytic activity. This decreasing of activity may be attributed to the Co–Ni alloy formation. Computational calculations revealed that Ni atom cleaves the C–H atom while Co is not able to activate the CH4 molecule. The interaction energy of CH4 with the Ni and CO atom was 18 kcal/mol and 0.7 kcal/mol, respectively.The catalysts were characterized by TPR, TEM and in situ XRD.

Graphical abstractPerovskites LaNi1−xBxO3−δ (B = Mg,Co) were evaluated as catalyst precursors in the dry reforming of methane. LaNi1−xMgxO3−δ perovskite had the highest catalytic activity at 700 °C using drastic reaction conditions without dilution gas. CH4 and CO2 conversions were 57% and 67%, respectively, with a H2/CO ratio equal to 0.47. The partial substitution of Ni by Co leads to a decrease of the catalytic activity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
CO2 reforming of CH4; Ni perovskites; Auto combustion method; Cation substitution
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Dry reforming of methane over LaNi1−yByO3±δ (B = Mg, Co) perovskites used as catalyst precursor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 334, Issues 1–2, 1 January 2008, Pages 251–258
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us