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Influence of zirconia crystal phase on the catalytic performance of Au/ZrO2 catalysts for low-temperature water gas shift reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43221 45958 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Influence of zirconia crystal phase on the catalytic performance of Au/ZrO2 catalysts for low-temperature water gas shift reaction
Abstract

The influence of crystal phase of zirconia on the performance of Au/ZrO2 catalysts for low temperature water gas shift reaction was investigated. Au/ZrO2 catalysts with pure tetragonal and monoclinic phases of ZrO2 were prepared by the deposition-precipitation method with similar gold loading and dispersion. It was found that the Au/m-ZrO2 catalyst showed much higher activity than that of the Au/t-ZrO2 catalyst, which could be attributed to the higher CO adsorption capacity of the Au/m-ZrO2 catalyst. The chemical state of gold that was strongly related to the pretreatment atmosphere also played an essential role in determining the catalytic activity for water gas shift reaction. Hydrogen and/or helium pretreated samples only contained Au0 species and exhibited higher activity than that of the sample pretreated with oxygen-containing atmosphere which resulted in the co-existence of Au0 and Au+ species. FTIR study further revealed that the formate species formed by the reaction of the adsorbed CO on gold nanoparticle with the hydroxyl groups on the surface of m-ZrO2 acted as the most important intermediates for the water gas shift reaction.

Graphical abstractAu nanoparticles on monoclinic ZrO2 could show much higher catalytic activity for low-temperature water gas shift reaction than those on tetragonal zirconia, mainly due to the high CO adsorption capacity of monoclinic ZrO2. Formate species formed by the reaction of adsorbed CO on gold nanoparticle with hydroxyl groups on ZrO2 acted as the most important reaction intermediates.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Au/ZrO2; Crystal phase; Low-temperature; Water gas shift; FTIR
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Influence of zirconia crystal phase on the catalytic performance of Au/ZrO2 catalysts for low-temperature water gas shift reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 334, Issues 1–2, 1 January 2008, Pages 321–329
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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