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Preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream over Pt catalysts modified with alkali metals: Part II. Catalyst characterization and role of alkali metals

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43268 45960 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream over Pt catalysts modified with alkali metals: Part II. Catalyst characterization and role of alkali metals
Abstract

The addition of alkali metals over Pt/Al2O3 has both promoting and negative effects on the catalytic performance in the preferential CO oxidation in H2-rich stream (PROX), therefore there is an optimum amount of alkali metal. The Pt/Al2O3 catalysts modified with Na, K, Rb and Cs were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results show that the addition of larger amount of alkali metals with stronger basicity causes the aggregation of Pt metal particles. The Pt particles on Pt/Al2O3 modified with alkali metals are more electron-deficient than those on Pt/Al2O3, and this weakens the strength of CO adsorption on Pt/Al2O3 modified with alkali metals, which is related to the enhancement of turnover frequency of the PROX. In addition, in situ FTIR observation suggests that the coadsorbed species originating from H2 and O2 (e.g., the OH species) under the PROX condition, which promote the CO oxidation, can be found on highly active catalysts.

Graphical abstractThe promoting and negative effects of addition of alkali metals over Pt/Al2O3 in preferential CO oxidation in H2-rich stream (PROX) were investigated in this work. The addition of alkali metals strongly influences the state of Pt metal particles, and coadsorbed species originating from H2 and O2 under the PROX condition can be found on highly active catalysts.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Preferential CO oxidation; Platinum; Alkali metals; Potassium; OH group; FTIR; X-ray absorption fine structure
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Preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream over Pt catalysts modified with alkali metals: Part II. Catalyst characterization and role of alkali metals
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 343, Issues 1–2, 1 July 2008, Pages 125–133
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us