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Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen: An overview of recent developments in the process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43287 45962 2008 17 PDF Available
Title
Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen: An overview of recent developments in the process
Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an important commodity chemical and its demand is growing significantly in the chemical synthesis due to its “green” character. Currently, H2O2 is produced almost exclusively by the anthraquinone auto-oxidation (AO) process. The AO process involves indirect oxidation of hydrogen and thus avoids potentially explosive H2/O2 mixture. However, this large-scale process presents significant safety issues associated with the transport of bulk H2O2. Moreover, the AO process can hardly be considered an environmentally friendly method. In view of this, more economical and environmentally cleaner routes have been explored for the production of H2O2. The liquid-phase catalytic direct synthesis of H2O2 from H2 and O2 offers an attractive green technology for small-scale/on-site production of H2O2. However, the direct synthesis process suffers from two major drawbacks: (i) potential hazards associated with H2/O2 mixtures and (ii) poor selectivity for H2O2 because the catalysts used for H2O2 synthesis are also active for its decomposition and hydrogenation to water as well as for H2 combustion. These serious issues and the recent developments in the direct H2O2 synthesis are discussed in this review. The roles of protons (H+) and halide ions in promoting the H2O2 selectivity are also examined in detail.

Graphical abstractHydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an environmentally friendly oxidizing agent used in pulp/paper/textile bleaching, wastewater treatments, and in the manufacture of bulk/fine chemicals. Small-scale, distributed H2O2 production process is highly desirable because of the costs and hazards associated with transportation and handling of concentrated H2O2. The liquid-phase direct H2O2 process offers an attractive green technology to replace the currently practised anthraquinone process.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Direct H2O2 synthesis; Pd catalysts; Bimetallic catalysts; Microreactor technology
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Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen: An overview of recent developments in the process
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 350, Issue 2, 30 November 2008, Pages 133–149
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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