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Nano-gold supported on Fe2O3: A highly active catalyst for low temperature oxidative destruction of methane green house gas from exhaust/waste gases

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43293 45962 2008 5 PDF Available
Title
Nano-gold supported on Fe2O3: A highly active catalyst for low temperature oxidative destruction of methane green house gas from exhaust/waste gases
Abstract

A number of nano-gold catalysts were prepared by depositing gold on different metal oxides (viz. Fe2O3, Al2O3, Co3O4, MnO2, CeO2, MgO, Ga2O3 and TiO2), using the homogeneous deposition precipitation (HDP) technique. The catalysts were evaluated for their performance in the combustion of methane (1 mol% in air) at different temperatures (300–600 °C) for a GHSV of 51,000 h−1. The supported nano-gold catalysts have been characterized for their gold loading (by ICP) and gold particle size (by TEM/HRTEM or XRD peak broadening). Among these nano-gold catalysts, the Au/Fe2O3 (Au loading = 6.1% and Au particle size = 8.5 nm) showed excellent performance. For this catalyst, temperature required for half the methane combustion was 387 °C, which is lower than that required for Pd(1%)/Al2O3 (400 °C) and Pt(1%)/Al2O3 (500 °C) under identical conditions. A detailed investigation on the influence of space velocity (GHSV = 10,000–100,000 cm3 g−1 h−1) at different temperatures (200–600 °C) on the oxidative destruction of methane over the Au/Fe2O3 catalyst has also been carried out. The Au/Fe2O3 catalyst prepared by the HDP method showed much higher methane combustion activity than that prepared by the conventional deposition precipitation (DP) method. The XPS analysis showed the presence of Au in the different oxidation states (Au0, Au1+ and Au3+) in the catalyst.

Graphical abstractNano-size particles of gold deposited on Fe2O3 show very high activity in the complete combustion of dilute methane. The catalyst, when prepared by the homogeneous deposition precipitation (HDP) method, shows much higher activity than when it is prepared by the deposition precipitation (DP) method. Three different gold species, Au0, Au1+ and Au3+, are observed on the catalyst surface.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Methane combustion; Supported nano-gold catalysts; Au/Fe2O3; Deposition precipitation; Homogeneous deposition precipitation
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Nano-gold supported on Fe2O3: A highly active catalyst for low temperature oxidative destruction of methane green house gas from exhaust/waste gases
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 350, Issue 2, 30 November 2008, Pages 186–190
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us