fulltext.study @t Gmail

GaClx- or GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41: Highly active and moisture insensitive/stable catalyst for the acylation and benzylation of benzene, naphthalene and substituted benzenes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43361 45966 2007 7 PDF Available
Title
GaClx- or GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41: Highly active and moisture insensitive/stable catalyst for the acylation and benzylation of benzene, naphthalene and substituted benzenes
Abstract

GaClx- and GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41 catalysts were prepared by reacting anhydrous GaCl3 and mixed anhydrous GaCl3 and AlCl3, respectively, with the terminal hydroxyl groups of Si-MCM-41 (pore size: 2.5 nm) in a dry non-aqueous reaction medium (CCl4) under reflux. The catalysts showed high activity for both the acylation and benzylation (with benzoyl chloride and benzyl chloride, respectively) of benzene, toluene, p-xylene, cumene, mesitylene, anisole and naphthalene. Both the catalysts are moisture insensitive or less moisture sensitive; the presence of moisture has a beneficial effect in the acylation over both the catalysts. The catalytically active sites of the GaClx-grafted Si-MCM-41 are (–O–)2GaCl (i.e. partially chlorided Ga anchored to Si through –O– linkage) species and the equivalent sites of the GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41 are (–O–)2Ga(or Al)Cl and (–O–)3Ga(or Al) species. The high acylation/benzylation activities of both the catalysts even in the presence of moisture are attributed to their redox properties (Ga3+ → Ga1+) rather than to their Lewis acid properties. After the grafting/chemical bonding, the grafted gallium chloride catalyst showed much higher acylation activity but lower benzylation activity than the physically deposited (on Si-MCM-41) or unsupported GaCl3. The GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41 showed higher acylation activity than the GaClx-grafted Si-MCM-41, due to a synergetic effect of the Ga and Al species. However, the relative benzylation activity of the two catalysts showed strong dependence upon the presence or absence of electron donating group(s) and also upon the electron donating ability of the group(s) attached to the aromatic nucleus.

Graphical abstractAcylation (by benzoyl chloride) and benzylation (by benzyl chloride) of aromatic compounds, with or without containing electron donating groups, can be accomplished with high reaction rates, using the chemically anchored GaCl3 or mixed GaCl3 and AlCl3 on a mesoporous Si-MCM-41, as a catalyst, even in the presence of moisture.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
GaClx-grafted Si-MCM-41; GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41; Acylation benzylation; Moisture insensitive
First Page Preview
GaClx- or GaAlClx-grafted Si-MCM-41: Highly active and moisture insensitive/stable catalyst for the acylation and benzylation of benzene, naphthalene and substituted benzenes
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 333, Issue 1, 3 December 2007, Pages 42–48
Authors
, ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us