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The promoter effect of alkali in Fischer-Tropsch iron and cobalt catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43392 45967 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
The promoter effect of alkali in Fischer-Tropsch iron and cobalt catalysts
Abstract

The promoter effect of alkali on Fischer-Tropsch iron catalysts causes an increased 1-alkene selectivity, a slightly increased reaction rate, an increased growth probability of hydrocarbon chains and also an increased resistance against oxidation of iron by the reaction product water. Experiments are presented which show that for cobalt catalysts alkali addition also leads to increased 1-alkene selectivity. However, the reaction rate is markedly reduced.The effect on the 1-alkene selectivity is without doubt due to increased adsorption strength of carbon monoxide causing an enhanced displacement of 1-alkenes while the propensity towards hydrogenation is hardly reduced. For iron catalysts the 1-alkene selectivity increases in the turn of Li, Na, K, Cs. With respect to the bimodal Anderson-Schulz-Flory (ASF) distribution the strong effect on the growth probability α2 is independent of the nature of the alkali cation while the fraction f2 of the distribution that is characterized by α2 increases in the turn Li, Na, K, and Cs.These strong promoter effects are interpreted on the basis of a novel mechanism of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis whereby the alkali cation takes part in the catalytic circle.Finally an analogy of the promoter effect of alkali on iron for the ammonia synthesis and the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is suggested.

Graphical abstractThe promoter effect of alkali causes an increased 1-alkene selectivity, a slightly increased reaction rate, an increased growth probability of hydrocarbons and an increased resistance against oxidation by water. These effects are interpreted by a novel hypothesis of the reaction mechanism of F.T.-synthesis.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; Promoter; Alkali; Reaction mechanism
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The promoter effect of alkali in Fischer-Tropsch iron and cobalt catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 350, Issue 1, 15 November 2008, Pages 126–132
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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