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Comparison of zeolites LaX and LaY as catalysts for isobutane/2-butene alkylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43408 45968 2008 12 PDF Available
Title
Comparison of zeolites LaX and LaY as catalysts for isobutane/2-butene alkylation
Abstract

Lanthanum exchanged X and Y type zeolites were prepared by ion exchange and investigated as catalysts for isobutane/2-butene alkylation. With the reactions performed in a continuously operated stirred tank reactor under industrially relevant conditions (T = 348 K, p = 20 bar, paraffin/olefin molar ratio = 10, olefin weight hourly space velocity = 0.2 h−1) the catalyst lifetime of LaX was nearly twice as long as that of LaY. Moreover, a much higher yield of octane isomers was observed with LaX. The product distributions showed that LaX had a high activity for hydride transfer and “self-alkylation” as well as a higher concentration of strong Brønsted acid sites. These differences are related to a higher residual concentration of sodium cations in LaY leading not only to less, but also weaker strong Brønsted acid sites in LaY than in LaX. The replacement of the residual sodium cations by lanthanum cations is less favorable in LaY due to the lower concentration of appropriate sites to accommodate multivalent cations.

Graphical abstractLanthanum exchanged X and Y type zeolites were investigated as catalysts for isobutane/2-butene alkylation. The catalyst lifetime of LaX was nearly twice as long as that of LaY due to the higher strength of its Brønsted acid sites. The Brønsted acidity of LaY is markedly influenced by the presence of residual sodium cations.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Acidity; Hydride transfer; MAS NMR; Lanthanum; Brønsted acid site; Alkylation; Ion exchange
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Comparison of zeolites LaX and LaY as catalysts for isobutane/2-butene alkylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 336, Issues 1–2, 1 March 2008, Pages 89–100
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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