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Effect of Mg, La and Ca promoters on the structure and catalytic behavior of iron-based catalysts in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43485 45972 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of Mg, La and Ca promoters on the structure and catalytic behavior of iron-based catalysts in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis
Abstract

The effects of Mg, La and Ca promoters on the structure, surface area, reduction, carburization and catalytic behavior of precipitated Fe/Cu/SiO2 Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalysts were investigated. The catalysts are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2 and CO temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) techniques. The catalysts were assessed in terms of their FTS activity and product selectivity using two superimposed Anderson–Schulz–Flory (ASF) models. The performance of the catalysts was tested in a fixed-bed reactor at 563 K, 1.7 MPa and feed (syngas with H2/CO molar ratio of 1) flow rates of 4.9 and 13.3 nl h−1 g(Fe)−1. It was found that Mg, La and Ca promoters have negligible effects on the textural properties of the catalyst. Promoter addition enhanced the surface basicity of the catalyst in the order Ca > Mg > La. Addition of the promoters with the atomic ratio of X/Fe = 0.02 (X = Ca, Mg and La) improved the reduction and carburization during the reduction and FTS reaction in the order of Ca > Mg > La. The promoters suppressed the rate of hydrogenation reaction in the order of Ca > Mg > La. The results also indicate that Mg, La and Ca promoters can improve the CO conversion and WGS reaction, suppress the formation of methane, enhance the selectivities to olefin and higher molecular weight products, enhance the break in ASF distributions in the order of Ca > Mg > La due to increasing the catalyst surface basicity and dropping the reducibility.

Graphical abstractMg, La and Ca promoters affect the structure and surface area on the reduction, carburization and catalytic behavior of precipitated Fe/Cu/SiO2 Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalysts were investigated. It is found that Mg, La and Ca promoters have negligible effect on the textural properties and the addition of these promoters can enhance the surface basicity of the catalyst in the order of Ca > Mg > La. An appropriate amount of these promoters in atomic ratio X/Fe = 0.02 (X = Ca, Mg and La) can promote the reduction and carburization of the catalysts during the reduction and Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reaction in the order of Ca > Mg > La. Presented promoters can inhibit the ability of catalysts hydrogenation in the order of Ca > Mg > La. The results also indicate that an appropriate amount of these promoters can improve the CO conversion and WGS reaction, suppress the formation of methane, enhance the selectivities to olefin and higher molecular weight products, amplify the break down in ASF distributions in the order of Ca > Mg > La because of rising the catalyst surface basicity and dropping the catalyst reducibility. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ca promoter; Mg promoter; La promoter; Fischer–Tropsch synthesis; Iron-based catalyst
First Page Preview
Effect of Mg, La and Ca promoters on the structure and catalytic behavior of iron-based catalysts in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 348, Issue 2, 15 October 2008, Pages 201–208
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis