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Synthesis of cinnamyl ethyl ether in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde on Au/TiO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43516 45974 2008 5 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of cinnamyl ethyl ether in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde on Au/TiO2 catalysts
Abstract

In this paper, we report the results of a study on the hydrogenation of hydrocinnamaldehyde (CA) carried out in ethanol under mild conditions (T = 333 K, PH2=1 atmPH2=1 atm), on the Au/TiO2 reference catalyst, supplied by the World Gold Council. The reaction was carried out on the as received and on the catalyst reduced at 473 K (LTR) and 773 K (HTR). From the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde three main products were obtained: cinnamylalcohol (UA) and hydrocinnamaldehyde (HCA), formed from the hydrogenation of the conjugated CC and CO bond, respectively, and the asymmetric ether 3-ethoxyprop-1-enylbenzene (C6H5CHCH–CH2–O–C2H5) or cinnamyl ethyl ether (CEE).The behavior of Au/TiO2 catalyst in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde is of particular interest because it is the first time, as far as we know, that the formation of the allyl ether is observed during this reaction. The selectivity towards the formation of the CEE, measured at 50% of conversion, increases from 19%, on the as received catalysts, up to 33% on the catalysts reduced at 473 K. A further increase of the reduction temperature does not influence the selectivity to CEE. The mechanism of the formation of the cinnamyl ethyl ether is proposed.

Graphical abstractFrom the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde, on the Au/TiO2 catalysts, under mild conditions, three main products were obtained: cinnamylalcohol, hydrocinnamaldehyde, and the asymmetric ether 3-ethoxyprop-1-enylbenzene (C6H5CHCH–CH2–O–C2H5) or cinnamyl ethyl ether (CEE). The behavior of Au/TiO2 catalyst in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde is of particular interest because it is the first time, as far as we know, that the formation of the allyl ether is observed during this reaction. The maximum selectivity (conversion = 50%) towards the formation of CEE was 33%. The mechanism of the formation of the cinnamyl ethyl ether is proposed.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cinnamaldehyde hydrogenation; Cinnamyl ethyl ether; Au/TiO2
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Synthesis of cinnamyl ethyl ether in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde on Au/TiO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 337, Issue 2, 25 March 2008, Pages 163–167
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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