Effect of cobalt carboxylate precursor chain length on Fischer-Tröpsch cobalt/alumina catalysts
The effect of the cobalt carboxylate chain length (C2, C5 and C9) on the preparation of alumina supported cobalt catalysts has been studied by TPR, XRD and hydrogen chemisorption techniques. The activity and selectivity of the prepared catalysts have been evaluated for Fischer-Tröpsch (FT) activity in a stirred basket reactor. It is shown that for catalysts with Co content of 10 wt.% the activity increases as the carboxylate chain length increases while the selectivity towards methane and light hydrocarbons decreases with the carboxylate chain length. This change relates to the effect of the chain length on the catalyst particle size. The catalyst prepared using cobalt acetate was found to present the highest metal–support interaction and the poorest performance for the Fischer-Tröpsch reaction. When the metal content was increased to 15 and 20 wt.% Co, respectively, the metal–support interaction for the catalyst particles prepared from cobalt acetate significantly decreased making it a better catalyst for the FT reaction compared to the catalyst particles prepared from C5 and C9 cobalt carboxylates.
Graphical abstractThe synthesis of a series of Co carboxylate alumina supported catalysts in which the carboxylate chain length has been varied has been shown to impact on the catalytic activity of the catalysts in the Fischer-Tröpsch reaction. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 326, Issue 2, 15 July 2007, Pages 164–172