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Highly selective synthesis of 2,6-Dimethylnaphthanlene by green catalysts—N-alkyl-pyridinium halides-aluminum chloride ionic liquids

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43528 45975 2007 5 PDF Available
Title
Highly selective synthesis of 2,6-Dimethylnaphthanlene by green catalysts—N-alkyl-pyridinium halides-aluminum chloride ionic liquids
Abstract

The transalkylation of 2-methylnaphthanlene (2-MN) with 1,2,4,5-tetramethylbenzene (TeMB) for highly selective synthesis of 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene (2,6-DMN) was performed in N-alkyl-pyridinium halides-aluminum chloride ionic liquids ([CnPy]Cl-AlCl3IL's) as acid catalysts. The influences of length of alkyl group at organic cation, of acid strength of the ionic liquids, as well as reaction time and temperature were studied. Due to its appropriate acidity, the [BuPy]Cl-AlCl3 IL's (x = 0.71) reveals higher activity and selectivity to 2,6-DMN in the reaction under mild conditions when both isomerization of 2,6-DMN and disproportionation of 2-MN are substantively restrained. The selectivity to 2,6-DMN and 2,6-/2,7-DMN ratio reach maximum values of 80.5% and 4.13, respectively, relatively to the thermodynamic value of 2,6-/2,7-DMN ratio ≈ l usually obtained with other acid catalysts. After 3 h of the reaction the selectivity to 2,6-DMN reaches 100% at 7.9% conversion. The mechanism of transalkylation of 2-MN with TeMB in [CnPy]Cl-AlCl3 IL's is proposed. It is believed that Al2Cl7− is probably the active catalytic species of the reaction. The re-using of the acidic ionic liquids has been investigated. The main reason for deactivation of the catalysts is found to be a leaching of the active Al2Cl7− species as a result of the hydrolysis.

Graphical abstractUnder mild conditions, the transalkylation of 2-methylnaphthanlene with 1,2,4,5-tetramethylbenzene high selective synthesised 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene in N-alkyl-pyridinium halides-aluminum chloride ionic liquids as acid catalysts. The 2,6-DMN selectivity of 100% and 2-MN conversion of 7.9% are observed within 3 h of the reaction.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ionic liquid; Selectivity; Transalkylation; 2,6-Dimethylnaphthalene; Deactivation
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Highly selective synthesis of 2,6-Dimethylnaphthanlene by green catalysts—N-alkyl-pyridinium halides-aluminum chloride ionic liquids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 326, Issue 2, 15 July 2007, Pages 189–193
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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