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Catalytic reaction of 1,3-butanediol over rare earth oxides

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43538 45976 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic reaction of 1,3-butanediol over rare earth oxides
Abstract

Vapor-phase reaction of 1,3-butanediol was investigated over rare earth oxide (REO) catalysts. In the reaction of 1,3-butanediol, dehydration and decomposition of 1,3-butanediol occurred simultaneously at 325 °C. The formation of unsaturated alcohols such as 3-buten-2-ol and trans-2-buten-1-ol was predominant over CeO2, Sc2O3, and Tm2O3, while 1,3-butanediol was preferentially decomposed over the other REOs. Especially, light REOs such as La2O3, Pr6O11, Nd2O3, and Sm2O3, catalyzed decomposition of 1,3-butanediol into 2-propanol, propanone, methanol, and ethanol. Basic and acidic properties of REOs were measured with temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of adsorbed CO2 and NH3, respectively. The surface character of REOs was basic but not acidic. Both strength and number of basic sites of REOs increased with increasing ionic radius of rare earth cation in the REO except CeO2: light REOs were more basic. The decomposition of 1,3-butanediol would be attributed to the basicity of catalyst. In the reaction of 1,3-butanediol as well as 1,4-butanediol, the catalytic function of REOs will be discussed in connection with lanthanide contraction.

Graphical abstractIn the reaction of 1,3-butanediol, dehydration and decomposition occurred simultaneously. The formation of unsaturated alcohols was predominant over CeO2, Sc2O3, and Tm2O3, while 1,3-butanediol was decomposed over the other rare earth oxides. Basicity of rare earth oxides increased with increasing ionic radius of the cations, and light rare earth oxides such as La2O3, Pr6O11, Nd2O3, and Sm2O3 catalyzed decomposition of 1,3-butanediol into 2-propanol, propanone, methanol, and ethanol. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Dehydration; Rare earth oxide; 1,3-Butanediol; 1,4-Butanediol
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Catalytic reaction of 1,3-butanediol over rare earth oxides
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 328, Issue 2, 10 September 2007, Pages 109–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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