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Catalytic pyrolysis of polyolefin waste into valuable hydrocarbons over reused catalyst from refinery FCC units

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43541 45976 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic pyrolysis of polyolefin waste into valuable hydrocarbons over reused catalyst from refinery FCC units
Abstract

A commingled polyethylene/polypropylene (PE/PP) mixture was pyrolysed over used fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) commercial equilibrium catalyst (RCat-c1) using a laboratory fluidised-bed reactor operating isothermally at ambient pressure. The conversion at 390 °C for RCat-c1 catalyst (81.5 wt%) gave much higher yield than silicate (only 18.3 wt%). Greater product selectivity was observed with RCat-c1 as a post-use catalyst with about 53 wt% olefins products in the C3–C6 range. The selectivity could be further influenced by changes in reaction conditions. Valuable hydrocarbons of olefins and iso-olefins were produced by low temperatures and short contact times used in this study. It is demonstrated that the use of spent FCC commercial catalyst and under appropriate reaction conditions can have the ability to control both the product yield and product distribution from polymer degradation, potentially leading to a cheaper process with more valuable products.

Graphical abstractAn in-house designed fluidised-bed reactor has been successfully used to obtain a range of valuable hydrocarbons by catalytic degradation of polyolefin waste in the temperature range 330–450 °C. In particular, it is interesting that a post-use catalyst system under appropriate conditions the resource potential of polymer waste can be economically recovered and also can provide an alternative practically to solve a major environment problem. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Pyrolysis; Polyolefin; Catalyst; FCC; Selectivity
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Catalytic pyrolysis of polyolefin waste into valuable hydrocarbons over reused catalyst from refinery FCC units
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 328, Issue 2, 10 September 2007, Pages 132–139
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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