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Pd-leaching and Pd-removal in Pd/C-catalyzed Suzuki couplings

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43587 45978 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Pd-leaching and Pd-removal in Pd/C-catalyzed Suzuki couplings
Abstract

Pd-leaching in Pd/C-catalyzed Suzuki couplings was investigated using the model coupling reaction of biphenylacetic acid. The filtration test was used to prove that oxidative addition of aryl-bromides is the main cause for Pd-leaching, which is independent of the reaction solvent and temperature. In addition, the oxidative addition of aryl-borates is another cause for Pd-leaching. PVPy adsorption studies suggest that the activity of Pd/C is mainly due to leached Pd. Furthermore, PVPy was proven to be a good reagent for complete removal of Pd-residuals from the reaction mixture. Excess PVPy (3 equiv. to Pd) is sufficient to carry out the removal within 2 h. The influence of oxygen on reactions was also investigated. The kinetic results suggest that exclusion of oxygen is not necessary. The presence of water in the solvent is required to promote the reaction. Water may stabilize Pd-nanoparticles, which can act as a reservoir for active Pd species.

Graphical abstractPd-leaching in Pd/C-catalyzed Suzuki couplings was investigated using the model coupling reaction of biphenylacetic acid (Scheme 1). The filtration test proves that oxidative addition in the catalytic cycle is the main cause for Pd-leaching, which is independent of the reaction solvent and temperature. PVPy adsorption studies suggest that the activity of Pd/C is mainly due to leached Pd. Furthermore, PVPy was proven to be a good reagent to completely remove Pd-residuals from the reaction mixture. Excess PVPy (3 equiv. to Pd) is sufficient to carry out the removal within 2 h. Lastly, the kinetic studies suggest that exclusion of oxygen is not necessary.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Suzuki couplings; Palladium; Leaching; Oxidation addition; Biphenylacetic acid
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Pd-leaching and Pd-removal in Pd/C-catalyzed Suzuki couplings
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 325, Issue 1, 30 May 2007, Pages 76–86
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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