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Effect of nickel hexaaluminate mirror cation on structure-sensitive reactions during n-tetradecane partial oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43602 45979 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of nickel hexaaluminate mirror cation on structure-sensitive reactions during n-tetradecane partial oxidation
Abstract

Reforming studies were conducted on nickel-substituted hexaaluminate catalysts, ANi0.4Al11.6O19−δ (A = La, Sr and Ba), to reform liquid hydrocarbon fuels into H2-rich synthesis gas for fuel cell applications. The reaction conditions studied were the partial oxidation of n-tetradecane (I) and n-tetradecane with 50 ppmw sulfur as dibenzothiophene (II). Hexaaluminate catalyst activity toward reaction conditions (I) and (II) as well as the surface Ni concentration and dispersion was shown to correlate with the type of mirror cation substituted into the lattice. The Ni surface concentration was determined by XPS to be 5.3, <0.1 and 0.7 wt.% for LaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ, BaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ and SrNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ, respectively. SrNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ and BaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ catalysts exhibited stable performance for reaction condition (I), while the loss in activity exhibited over time by LaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ suggested site blocking by carbon deposition. Under reaction condition (II), additional activity loss was experienced by both LaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ and SrNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ catalysts due to the presence of dibenzothiophene. However, LaNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ experienced more severe and partially reversible site blocking where SrNi0.4Al11.6O19−δ experienced a less severe loss of activity, selectivity and irreversible site blocking. The behavior observed in nickel-substituted hexaaluminate catalysts suggests that the different mirror cations influenced the coordination of Ni sites within the lattice and adsorption of hydrocarbons to the surface of the catalysts.

Graphical abstractReforming studies were conducted on nickel-substituted hexaluminate catalysts to reform liquid hydrocarbon fuels into H2-rich synthesis gas for fuel cell applications. The partial oxidation of n-tetradecane (I) and n-tetradecane containing 50 ppmw sulfur as dibenzothiophene (II) were used as probe reactions to assess their performance and sulfur poisoning resistance. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Nickel; Hexaaluminate; Partial oxidation; Sulfur; Diesel; Fuel cell
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Effect of nickel hexaaluminate mirror cation on structure-sensitive reactions during n-tetradecane partial oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 323, 30 April 2007, Pages 1–8
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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