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Synthesis and characterization of high-surface area tungsten carbides and application to electrocatalytic hydrogen oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43611 45979 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis and characterization of high-surface area tungsten carbides and application to electrocatalytic hydrogen oxidation
Abstract

Tungsten carbides (WC) with different crystalline phases prepared from WO3 as the starting material showed electrocatalytic activity in the order of α-WC > β-WC1−x > β-W2C for the hydrogen oxidation reaction. α-WC obtained by methane carburizing of tungsten nitride (W2N), which was prepared from nitridation of WO3, produced much higher surface area than that from the direct carburization of WO3. We first found capable of carburize tungsten sulfide (WS2) and tungsten phosphide (WP) to produce α-WC though they require severe carburization reaction. In particular, α-WC obtained from WS2 exhibited a high specific surface area as well as α-WC by way of W2N. The XPS analysis revealed that the surface properties of α-WC are significantly dependent on the preparative methods. A large amount of graphite carbon was deposited on the surface of α-WC from direct carburization, whereas, there was far less on α-WC by way of W2N and WS2.The electrocatalytic activities of WCs obtained in these ways were greatly improved. The binary catalysts of WC promoted with Pt were evaluated in comparison with the current Pt catalyst. The introduction of a small amount of Pt onto the WC contributed to a remarkable anodic current enhancement. It turned out that the specific activity (activity based on the surface area of Pt metal) was higher than that of the commercial catalyst. It is concluded that the interaction Pt with α-WC enhance the utilization of Pt for the hydrogen electro-oxidation reaction.

Graphical abstractIn analogy with W2N and WO3, WS2 and WP were found to undergo the CH4 carburization to produce α-WC. α-WC obtained from WS2 and W2N exhibited a high specific surface area compared with other routes. The introduction of a small amount of Pt into the WCs prepared in these ways contributed to a remarkable activity enhancement for the hydrogen electro-oxidation reaction.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrogen electro-oxidation; PEFC; Tungsten carbide; High-surface area
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Synthesis and characterization of high-surface area tungsten carbides and application to electrocatalytic hydrogen oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 323, 30 April 2007, Pages 86–93
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us