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The effect of calcination time on the activity of WO3/Al2O3/HY catalysts for the metathesis reaction between ethene and 2-butene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43612 45979 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
The effect of calcination time on the activity of WO3/Al2O3/HY catalysts for the metathesis reaction between ethene and 2-butene
Abstract

A series of WO3/Al2O3/HY catalysts were prepared by thermal spread method (i.e., calcination of physically mixed WO3, Al2O3 and HY zeolite) for the metathesis reaction between ethene and 2-butene to propene. The transformation of tungsten oxide species was studied by the characterization techniques of XRD, H2-TPR, UV-Vis, UV Resonance Raman, NH3-TPD and N2 adsorption–desorption techniques. The thermal spread effect during calcination results in the dispersion of bulk WO3 phase into microcrystallites on γ-Al2O3 surface, followed by a chemical transformation to the monomeric surface tungstate species via the involvement of Brönsted acid sites of HY zeolite. These monomeric surface tungstate species, identified by a characteristic Raman band at 970 cm−1, are crucial for the metathesis activity. We suggest such activity related species are tetrahedrally coordinated. Moreover, it is found that there is an optimal calcination time for the formation of these WO42− species and further calcination causes the condensation to the polytungstate clusters, which are less active for the metathesis reaction. The optimized catalyst shows superior catalytic activity of metathesis reaction between ethene and 2-butene to propene at 453 K with 2-butene conversion close to thermodynamic equilibrium value (∼64%).

Graphical abstractA series of WO3, Al2O3 and HY catalysts were prepared by the thermal spread method. A proportional correlation between tetrahedral tungsten oxide species and metathesis activities is observed, from which the structure of active sites precursors is confirmed. The optimized catalyst shows superior activity for the metathesis between ethene and 2-butene to propene at 453 K with 2-butene conversion close to thermodynamic equilibrium value (∼64%).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Metathesis; Tungsten oxide catalysts; γ-Al2O3; HY zeolite; UV-Vis; UV Raman; Surface tungstate
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The effect of calcination time on the activity of WO3/Al2O3/HY catalysts for the metathesis reaction between ethene and 2-butene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 323, 30 April 2007, Pages 94–103
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us