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Reduced anatase on silica as a support for a Ziegler catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43627 45979 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Reduced anatase on silica as a support for a Ziegler catalyst
Abstract

Reduced anatase TiO2 is used as an alternative support for TiCl4, leading to good results in the polymerization of ethylene and propylene with isotacticity above 80%. However, due to the low concentration of active sites, approximately 1 wt% of active titanium, the system leads to low productivity. With the objective of increasing the amount of active sites and the productivity, a catalytic system with a high surface area was developed. The synthesis consists in the chemical vapor deposition, known as Atomic Layer Epitaxy (ALE), of TiCl4 onto a silica surface. The deposited titanium is then transformed into anatase by heating between 300 and 500 °C. The synthesis of the catalyst is carried out by chemical reduction of the oxide with n-butyl lithium and heterogenization of TiCl4. The amount of supported TiO2 was, on average, 13 mg TiO2 (g SiO2)−1. The content of active titanium was 23 μmol Ti(III) (g cat)−1. Two resonance peaks for Ti(III) (g = 1.98 and g = 1.96) in the EPR spectrum suggest the presence of two different active species on the catalyst surface. The catalyst was tested in the polymerization of ethylene in the liquid and in the gas phase, leading to productivities of 140 and 120 g PE (g cat)−1, respectively. The polymers presented a melting point of 137 °C, molar masses around 3000 kg mol−1 and crystallinities between 49 and 69%.

Graphical abstractReduced anatase TiO2 is used as an alternative support for TiCl4, leading to good results in the polymerization of ethylene and propylene with isotacticity above 80%. With the purpose of increasing the amount of active sites and the productivity, a catalytic system with a high surface area was developed. The amount of supported TiO2 was, on average, 13 mg TiO2 (g SiO2)−1. The content of active titanium was 23 μmol Ti(III) (g cat)−1. The catalyst was tested in the polymerization of ethylene in the liquid and in the gas phase, leading to productivities of 140 and 120 g PE (g cat)−1, respectively. The polymers presented a melting point of 137 °C, molar masses around 3000 kg mol−1 and crystallinities between 49 and 69%. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Reduced anatase; Silica support; Atomic layer epitaxy; Ethylene polymerization; Ziegler catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 323, 30 April 2007, Pages 234–241
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us