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A new catalyst material based on niobia/iron oxide composite on the oxidation of organic contaminants in water via heterogeneous Fenton mechanisms

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43745 45986 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
A new catalyst material based on niobia/iron oxide composite on the oxidation of organic contaminants in water via heterogeneous Fenton mechanisms
Abstract

The present work describes the preparation of novel materials based on niobia (Nb2O5)/iron oxides and their use as catalyst on oxidizing reactions of organic compounds in aqueous medium with hydrogen peroxide. These new composites were prepared by mixing natural niobia and iron oxides and were characterized with powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), chemical analyses, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Results showed that the main iron oxides so formed were goethite (αFeOOH) and maghemite (γFe2O3) with small particle sizes. The decomposition study was realized with a basic dye as a model molecule: the methylene blue. The analysis of the products, with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), showed that the methylene blue was successively oxidized (hydrolyzed) through different intermediate species. These results strongly suggest that highly reactive hydroxyl radicals generated from the H2O2 on the surface of the 1:1 niobia:iron oxide composite act as an efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst

Graphical abstractThe present work describes the preparation of novel materials based on niobia (Nb2O5)/iron oxides and their use as catalyst on oxidizing reactions of organic compounds. The decomposition study was realized with a basic dye as a model molecule: the methylene blue. The analysis of the products, with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), showed that the methylene blue was successively oxidized (hydrolyzed) through different intermediate species. ESI mass spectra in the positive ion mode for monitoring the oxidation of methylene blue dye in water by the niobia:iron oxide 1:1 and H2O2 system at different reactions times. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Oxidation; Heterogeneous Fenton; Iron oxides; Hydrogen peroxide
First Page Preview
A new catalyst material based on niobia/iron oxide composite on the oxidation of organic contaminants in water via heterogeneous Fenton mechanisms
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 316, Issue 1, 2 January 2007, Pages 117–124
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis