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Cu-based spinel catalysts CuB2O4 (B = Fe, Mn, Cr, Ga, Al, Fe0.75Mn0.25) for steam reforming of dimethyl ether

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43769 45987 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Cu-based spinel catalysts CuB2O4 (B = Fe, Mn, Cr, Ga, Al, Fe0.75Mn0.25) for steam reforming of dimethyl ether
Abstract

Cu-based spinel-oxides CuB2O4 (B = Fe, Mn, Cr, Ga, Al, or Fe0.75Mn0.25) were synthesized via a sol–gel method and subsequent solid-state reaction. The spinels mechanically mixed with γ-Al2O3 were evaluated for production of hydrogen from dimethyl ether steam reforming (DME SR). The reduction behavior and crystal property of these spinel-oxides, and the Cu oxidation state in spinel catalysts were investigated by temperature-programmed reduction, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. The reduced phases of the Cu-based spinel catalysts that strongly affected the catalytic activity and durability were composed of metallic copper with metal oxides (MnO (B = Mn), Cr2O3 (B = Cr), and Al2O3 (B = Al)) or with spinels (CuGa2O4 (B = Ga), Fe3O4 (B = Fe), and MnFe2O4 (B = Fe0.75Mn0.25). The stability of B metal oxides and the interaction between copper species and B metal oxides significantly contributed to the reforming performance.

Graphical abstractCu-based spinel-oxides CuB2O4 (B = Fe, Mn, Cr, Ga, Al, or Fe0.75Mn0.25) were prepared, and their activity as well as durability were evaluated in DME steam reforming reaction. The descending order of the activity was as follows: CuFe2O4, CuFe1.5Mn0.5O4 > CuAl2O4 > CuCr2O4 > CuMn2O4 > CuGa2O4. Among the spinel catalysts, CuFe2O4, CuFe1.5Mn0.5O4, CuCr2O4, and CuMn2O4 were highly stable at a reforming temperature of 350 °C. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cu-based spinel; Steam reforming; Dimethyl ether; Hydrogen; Fuel cell
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Cu-based spinel catalysts CuB2O4 (B = Fe, Mn, Cr, Ga, Al, Fe0.75Mn0.25) for steam reforming of dimethyl ether
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 341, Issues 1–2, 15 June 2008, Pages 139–145
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us