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Aerobic oxychlorination of phenols catalyzed by copper(II) chloride

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43792 45988 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Aerobic oxychlorination of phenols catalyzed by copper(II) chloride
Abstract

Oxychlorination of phenol and electron-rich phenolic compounds catalyzed by CuCl2 under mild conditions has been developed. Chloride ions are used as halogenating agents and dioxygen as a final oxidant. The catalyst shows not only high regioselectivity for para- or ortho isomers but also a remarkable chemoselectivity for monochlorination, with no products of the oxidation of phenols being formed in detectable amounts. Non-phenolic aromatics and phenols with electron withdrawing substituents undergo no transformation at all under similar conditions. A free radical mechanism is suggested, which involves one-electron oxidation of phenol by CuCl2 to the corresponding phenoxy radical followed by a rapid reaction of the tautomeric cyclohexadienyl radical with CuCl2 resulting in chlorinated product and CuCl. Re-oxidation of CuCl by dioxygen completes a catalytic cycle. This simple, low cost and selective method might be applied for the synthesis of chlorophenols, which are widely used in pharmaceutical, agricultural and dye industries.

Keywords
Catalytic oxychlorination; Phenols; Dioxygen; Copper chloride
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 309, Issue 1, 17 July 2006, Pages 122–128
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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