fulltext.study @t Gmail

tert-Butylation of diphenylamine over zeolite catalysts: Part 1: Catalyst screening and optimization of reaction conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43809 45989 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
tert-Butylation of diphenylamine over zeolite catalysts: Part 1: Catalyst screening and optimization of reaction conditions
Abstract

tert-Butylation of diphenylamine (DPA) with tert-butanol (TBA) in the liquid phase was studied over various zeolite catalysts H-MOR, H-BEA, H-Y and H-ZSM-5 (H-MOR CBV 21A and 90A, H-BEA CP 811E, 814E and 814Q, H-Y CBV 720 and H-ZSM-5 CBV 5020) to evaluate whether zeolite catalysts can be efficient as an alternative to the other catalysts in preparation of tert-butylated diphenylamines.The influence of catalyst and the reaction conditions on tert-butylation of diphenylamine with TBA as alkylating agent on catalytic activity and para-selectivity was studied. Catalyst screening revealed that H-BEA and H-Y are the most suitable zeolite catalysts in the alkylation of DPA with TBA. Among them, H-BEA CBV 814E showed the best results in the catalytic activity (91% conversion of DPA), selectivity (99% selectivity to 4-TBDPA, 91% selectivity to 4,4′-DTBDPA) and dialkylation (0.62 4,4′-DTBDPA/4-TBDPA ratio). Subsequent optimization of reaction conditions in the tert-butylation of DPA with TBA over H-BEA CBV 814E showed that the most suitable reaction temperature is 180 °C. The study of influence of reactant's molar ratio showed that TBA/DPA molar ratio 4:1 is the most suitable, but the excess of TBA is so high that it produces significant amount of isobutylene dimer (15%). However, TBA/DPA molar ratio 2:1 is comparable to 4:1, it is even better when considering the most important parameter—selectivity to 4,4′-DTBDPA and produces almost no isobutylene dimer (below 1%). The amount of catalyst charged into reaction system also significantly influences reaction parameters. Study shows that within wide range of catalyst charge (2.5% up to 30% as of DPA charge), the highest reasonable amount of catalyst with the best outcome can be obtained with 0.7 g (20% as of DPA charge) of catalyst charge in the reaction system.tert-Butylation of diphenylamine with tert-butanol over H-BEA zeolite catalyst appears to be an alternative to other catalysts in industrial preparation of tert-butylated diphenylamines. This paper presents the first original complex outlook on the tert-butylation of diphenylamine over zeolite catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
DPA, diphenylamine; TBA, tert-butanol; 4-TBDPA/4,4′, TBDPA-4-tert-butyldiphenylamine/4,4′-di-tert-butyldiphenylamine; XDPA, conversion of DPA; S4-TBDPA, selectivity = (4-TBDPA/ΣTBDPA) × 100; S4,4′-DTBDPA, selectivity = (4,4′-DTBDPA/ΣDTBDPA) × 100Alkylatio
First Page Preview
tert-Butylation of diphenylamine over zeolite catalysts: Part 1: Catalyst screening and optimization of reaction conditions
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 335, Issue 1, 1 February 2008, Pages 74–81
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us