Asymmetric epoxidation of styrene and chromenes catalysed by dimeric chiral (pyrrolidine salen)Mn(III) complexes
Two dimeric chiral (pyrrolidine salen)Mn(III) complexes 3 and 4 were prepared, in which the two (pyrrolidine salen)Mn(III) units are linked either by a p-xylylene or by a p-phthalyl bridge. High yields were attained for asymmetric epoxidation of styrene and substituted chromenes at 0.5–4.0 mol% catalyst loading of 3 and 4 using NaClO/PPNO and m-CPBA/NMO as oxidant systems, with 37–39% ee for styrene and 86–95% ee for substituted chromenes. Dimeric complexes 3 and 4 displayed higher activities than their parent monomeric complexes 1 and 2 of double equiv for epoxidation of substituted chromenes. Complex 3 bearing two tertiary amine units displayed considerably higher activity than analogous dimeric complex 4 containing two carboxamide units in the aforementioned reaction. The effect of excess CH3I on the epoxidation of 6-nitro-2,2-dimethylchromene catalysed by 3 in the aqueous/organic biphasic medium was explored. The recovery and recycling possibilities of the dimeric complexes 3 and 4 were studied.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 315, 23 November 2006, Pages 120–127