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Pt-Ru fuel cell catalysts subjected to H2, CO, N2 and air atmosphere: An X-ray absorption study

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43977 45998 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
Pt-Ru fuel cell catalysts subjected to H2, CO, N2 and air atmosphere: An X-ray absorption study
Abstract

In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements were carried out on commercial carbon-supported Pt, Ru and Pt-Ru alloy electrocatalysts as well as a Pt/Ru mixture electrocatalyst in a specifically designed reactor/furnace set-up at the Pt L3 and the Ru K edge. The catalysts were heated to 100 °C and subjected to different atmospheres – 5% H2/N2, 5% CO/N2, N2, air – of interest for fuel cell operation. X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to follow changes in the catalyst structure, most importantly particle growth, oxidation, and (de-)alloying. Alloying is observed to be advantageous, as it decreases particle growth and oxidation tendency in the catalysts. Initially, all electrocatalysts contained large amounts of the respective oxides, as indicated by pronounced white-line intensities in the XANES spectra, whereas the catalysts were reduced to the metallic state upon exposure to hydrogen. In CO atmosphere, however, ruthenium oxides remain stable, depending on the Pt to Ru site distribution: it is assumed that Pt in contact with Ru acts as a “catalyst” for the reduction of ruthenium oxides and strengthens the Ru–CO bond favouring it over Ru-O (ligand effect). Consequently, the share of ruthenium oxides in the Pt-Ru alloy decreases in 5% CO/N2, whereas for the Pt/Ru mixture and the pure Ru it does not change significantly.

Graphical abstractA novel reactor/furnace set-up has been used for in situ XANES and EXAFS measurements of Pt-Ru fuel cell catalysts in different atmospheres at elevated temperatures resembling fuel cell conditions, but without the electrochemical potential. The results obtained have certain implications for the catalysts long-term stability and enhanced CO tolerance in the different bimetallic systems. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Electrocatalysts; Fuel cell; Heat-treatment; In situ; Pt; Pt-Ru; X-ray absorption spectroscopy
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Pt-Ru fuel cell catalysts subjected to H2, CO, N2 and air atmosphere: An X-ray absorption study
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 319, 1 March 2007, Pages 81–90
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us