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Mechanistic studies for the polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether): LC–MS analyses showing rearrangement and redistribution products

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43986 45998 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Mechanistic studies for the polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether): LC–MS analyses showing rearrangement and redistribution products
Abstract

For a detailed investigation of the mechanism of the oxidative coupling polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol (DMP) to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether) (PPE), reactions were carried out with a mixture of 4-(2′,6′-dimethylphenoxy)-2,6-dimethylphenol (DMP-dimer) and 2,4,6-trimethylphenol, under a dioxygen atmosphere using a copper(II)–NMeim catalyst (NMeim = N-methylimidazole).Oxidative coupling experiments were performed for very short reaction times in order to detect any intermediate or hybrid compounds (i.e. when starting from mixtures of the parent phenols) generated during the early stages of the polymerization process. The LC–MS chromatograms of the samples collected reveal peaks which indicate the formation of (i) DMP-monomer; (ii) dimer which is a hybrid of the parent phenols; (iii) DMP-trimer; (iv) trimer which is a hybrid of parent phenols. Formation of DMP monomer and these oligomers are in support of the formation of a quinone-ketal during the reaction. The phenol-ketal further undergoes redistribution (to form monomer and hybrid dimer) and rearrangement (to form trimers). So, these studies further corroborate the formation of a quinone-ketal already during the first steps of the polymerization process.

Graphical abstractIn order to understand the mechanism of oxidative coupling polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether), reactions have been carried out for very short time by taking a mixture of dimer of 2,6-dimethylphenol and 2,4,6-trimethylphenol (monomer) as substrate and Cu–NMeim system as catalyst. The LC–MS chromatograms reveal peaks corresponding to rearrangement (hybrid trimer) and redistribution (DMP monomer and hybrid dimer) products.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether); Quinone-ketal; Rearrangement; Redistribution; LC–MS technique
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Mechanistic studies for the polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether): LC–MS analyses showing rearrangement and redistribution products
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 319, 1 March 2007, Pages 163–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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