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Enhance efficiency of tetraoctylammonium fluoride applied to ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43994 45998 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhance efficiency of tetraoctylammonium fluoride applied to ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) process
Abstract

The ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) process has been applied to a number of diesel fuels containing varying amounts of sulfur content. The transition metal complex and quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) phase transfer agents have been applied with aqueous hydrogen peroxide as oxidizing agent. High yield of 3-bromobenzothiophene, and 2-bromobenzothiphene sulfone has been found from phase transfer agents containing tetraoctylammonium bromide. No contaminates such as bromo compound derivates had been isolated when the new fluoride phase transfer agent was used. Selectivity was particularly high for this process as demonstrated by selective ions mass spectrometry. The experiment also demonstrated that the catalyst could be recovered for reuse. Furthermore, the hydrogen peroxide provides a good performance, and the oxidation will proceed as low as 0.25%.

Graphical abstractThe UAOD process, applied to diesel fuels with varying sulfur contents. The transition metal complex and quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) phase transfer agents have been applied with aqueous hydrogen peroxide. No contaminates such as bromo compound derivates are isolated when the new fluoride phase transfer agents were used. Selectivity is higher and catalyst is recovered for reuse. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Desulfurization; Phase transfer agent; Tetraoctylammonium fluoride; Ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization; Diesel fuel
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Enhance efficiency of tetraoctylammonium fluoride applied to ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) process
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 319, 1 March 2007, Pages 237–245
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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