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MRI-guided liposomes for targeted tandem chemotherapy and therapeutic response prediction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44 4 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
MRI-guided liposomes for targeted tandem chemotherapy and therapeutic response prediction
Abstract

Liposomes are effective drug delivery systems that can be functionalized with imaging contrast agents, providing both diagnosis and monitoring of disease treatment. Here we describe the design of a theranostic liposomal drug delivery system whose biodistribution can be real time imaged by contrast enhanced MRI and can achieve tandem chemotherapy drug delivery. Because T1 relaxation of MRI depends upon the chemical structure of contrast agent as well as its interaction with neighbor environment, we rationally designed a functional liposome for in vivo T1 enhanced MRI. The liposome shows a 36-fold higher T1 relaxation rate over the commercial MRI contrast agent Omniscan® and a long circulation time up to 300 min in vivo. Moreover, the multifunctional liposome carries both hydrophobic and hydrophilic chemotherapeutic drugs, can synergistically enhance therapeutic effects of multiple drugs and selectively deliver them to lung tumors, leading to lower doses, toxicity and sustained release. The nanoparticles, which exhibit favorable biodistributions to tumors, offer new possibilities for the simultaneous delivery of more than one drug and the evaluation of therapeutic response in vivo by T1 enhanced MRI.Statement of SignificanceCancer cells invoke different mechanisms to resist cancer therapies, particularly when delivering a single agent in a given therapy. The combination of two (or more) thermotherapy agents provides a promising way to circumvent such situations of drug resistance, due to a favorable synergistic effect that “tricks” the drug resistance mechanism.However, challenges to the simultaneous delivery of two drugs prevail, especially with regards to the simultaneous delivery of hydrophobic and hydrophobic drugs. Furthermore, non-invasive in vivo imaging of drug distribution enables the real-time monitoring and prediction of therapeutic responses to treatment.In this study, we rationally designed a theranostic liposomal drug delivery system whose biodistribution can be imaged via T1-weighted MRI in real-time and can achieve tandem chemotherapy drug delivery. This original study will be of considerable use to the wider drug delivery community.

Graphical abstractThe drug delivery, which proceeds in tandem by delivering two drugs at once, can help mitigating toxic side effects while simultaneously enhancing the therapeutic efficiency. Moreover, the ability to monitor tumor size growth by MRI allows for the adjustment of treatment strategy in real-time, which could lead to personalized cancer therapies.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (106 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Non-small-cell lung cancer; Magnetic resonance imaging; Paclitaxel; Carboplatin; Liposome
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MRI-guided liposomes for targeted tandem chemotherapy and therapeutic response prediction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 35, 15 April 2016, Pages 260–268
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us