Parathyroid hormone-related protein (107-111) improves the bone regeneration potential of gelatin–glutaraldehyde biopolymer-coated hydroxyapatite
Biopolymer-coated nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) made as macroporous foams which are degradable and flexible are promising candidates as orthopaedic implants. The C-terminal (107-111) epitope of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) exhibits osteogenic properties. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether PTHrP (107-111) loading into gelatin–glutaraldehyde biopolymer-coated HA (HAGlu) scaffolds would produce an optimal biomaterial for tissue engineering applications. HAGlu scaffolds with and without PTHrP (107-111) were implanted into a cavitary defect performed in both distal tibial metaphysis of adult rats. Animals were sacrificed after 4 weeks for histological, microcomputerized tomography and gene expression analysis of the callus. At this time, bone healing occurred only in the presence of PTHrP (107-111)-containing HAGlu implant, related to an increase in bone volume/tissue volume and trabecular thickness, cortical thickness and gene expression of osteocalcin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, but a decreased gene expression of Wnt inhibitors, SOST and dickkopf homolog 1. The autonomous osteogenic effect of the PTHrP (107-111)-loaded HAGlu scaffolds was confirmed in mouse and human osteoblastic cell cultures. Our findings demonstrate the advantage of loading PTHrP (107-111) into degradable HAGlu scaffolds for achieving an optimal biomaterial that is promising for low load bearing clinical applications.
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Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2014, Pages 3307–3316