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Solid phosphoric acid catalysed conversion of oxygenate containing Fischer–Tropsch naphtha

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44003 45999 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Solid phosphoric acid catalysed conversion of oxygenate containing Fischer–Tropsch naphtha
Abstract

The effect of Fischer–Tropsch derived oxygenates on olefin oligomerisation over a solid phosphoric acid (SPA) catalyst is mainly related to increased catalyst hydration and the conversion of strong pyrophosphoric acid (H4P2O7) sites to weaker orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4) sites. At 180 °C, 3.8 MPa and WHSV of 1.5 h−1, oxygenate conversion to hydrocarbons is 99%. The main oxygen-containing product was water, although alcohols produced by olefin hydration and ketone decomposition to carboxylic acids were also observed. With increasing catalyst hydration the oligomer yield decreased. The extent of inhibition was related to the oxygenate concentration, the nature of the oxygenates and the nature of the olefins. Leaching of phosphoric acid was negligible and not a significant factor in determining catalyst activity. It was shown that olefin oligomerisation on SPA follows a Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism.

Graphical abstractThe influence of Fischer–Tropsch derived oxygenates on olefin oligomerisation over a solid phosphoric acid (SPA) catalyst is described (180 °C, 3.8 MPa). Oxygenate conversion to hydrocarbons is 99%, which increased catalyst hydration and the conversion of strong H4P2O7 sites to weaker H3PO4 sites. This caused a decrease in oligomer yield.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Oligomerisation; Solid phosphoric acid; Fischer–Tropsch refining; Oxygenates
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Solid phosphoric acid catalysed conversion of oxygenate containing Fischer–Tropsch naphtha
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 332, Issue 2, 20 November 2007, Pages 200–208
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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