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Passivation and oxidation of an ammonia iron catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44110 46003 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Passivation and oxidation of an ammonia iron catalyst
Abstract

A process of ammonia iron catalyst passivation and oxidation with oxygen and water vapour was investigated by thermogravimetry, Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The optimal passivation conditions (T ≤ 100 °C, pO2≤0.0013 barpO2≤0.0013 bar) have been proposed. The thickness (0.9–1.1 nm) and the structure (paramagnetic Fe2O3) of a protective, passive layer have been determined. It was found that oxidation of a reduced catalyst with pure oxygen (pO2=1 barpO2=1 bar) and water vapour (pH2O=0.023 barpH2O=0.023 bar) did not lead to its passivation. The oxidation with pure oxygen, at temperatures above 250 °C, led to a creation of magnetite layer with built-in aluminum oxide. The thickness of the magnetite layer decreased and the amount of the built-in aluminum oxide grew along with the increase of oxidation temperature. An adsorption model has also been introduced for the interpretation of oxidation with water vapour: the whole iron nanocrystallites were oxidized successively from the smallest to the largest ones, and the oxidation process was limited by dissociative adsorption of water vapour on the iron surface.

Graphical abstractPassivation and oxidation of ammonia iron catalyst was studied by thermogravimetry, Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Passivation conditions (T ≤ 100 °C, pO2≤0.0013 barpO2≤0.0013 bar) have been proposed. Thickness (0.9 ÷ 1.1 nm) and structure (paramagnetic Fe2O3) of the passive layer has been determined. Oxidation of the catalyst with oxygen (pO2=1 barpO2=1 bar) and water vapour (pH2O=0.023 barpH2O=0.023 bar) did not result in its passivation. Oxidation with pure oxygen led to the magnetite layer with built-in aluminum oxide. During oxidation with water vapour the whole iron nanocrystallites were oxidized successively from the smallest to the largest ones.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ammonia iron catalyst; Passivation; Oxide layer thickness; Fe2O3; Water adsorption
First Page Preview
Passivation and oxidation of an ammonia iron catalyst
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 329, 1 October 2007, Pages 137–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis