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Carbon deposition on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to humidified methane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44134 46004 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Carbon deposition on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to humidified methane
Abstract

Carbon formation on Ni/YSZ cermets in high-temperature processes involving hydrocarbons can be a severe problem. Understanding the mechanisms of carbon formation is necessary for developing strategies to avoid or minimize the problem. In this study, Ni/YSZ pellets (70/30 NiO/YSZ) have been exposed to humidified methane at temperatures between 773 K and 1073 K. The carbon formed on these pellets and/or any structural changes in the pellets was studied with X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO). At temperatures below 873 K, carbon fibres dominated. At higher temperatures, the majority of the carbon dissolved into the Ni particles. After TPO and removal of the carbon, the Ni structure was damaged to various extents depending on the exposure temperature. The amount of carbon deposited was significantly reduced by placing zirconia-doped ceria pellets on each side of the Ni/YSZ pellet. The addition of a ceria layer did not completely eliminate the carbon formation but the carbon that was formed was weakly attached to the Ni/YSZ such that the structure was not irreversibly changed. The role of the ceria is beyond simply reforming the methane.

Graphical abstractCharacterization of carbon deposition on Ni/YSZ at different conditions in humidified methane is presented. The type of carbon changes with exposure temperature. Carbon fibres dominate at temperatures up to 873 K while at higher temperatures the carbon dissolves into the Ni particles. Physically placing Zr-doped ceria pellets on each side of the Ni/YSZ significantly reduced the carbon formation. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ni/YSZ; Carbon deposition; Ceria; TPO; SEM; XRD
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Carbon deposition on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to humidified methane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 317, Issue 2, 7 February 2007, Pages 284–292
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us