Isolation of γ-aminobutyric acid-producing bacteria and optimization of fermentative medium
Ten γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains were isolated from kimchi and yoghurt. The strain B, isolated from kimchi showed the highest GABA-producing ability (3.68 g/L) in MRS broth with 1% monosodium glutamate (MSG). Strain B was identified as Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. The GABA-producing ability of L. lactis B was investigated using brown rice juice, germinated soybean juice and enzymolyzed skim milk as medium compositions. The D-optimal mixture design was applied to optimize the ratio of the three kinds of components in the media. The results showed that when the mixing ratio of brown rice juice, germinated soybean juice and enzymolyzed skim milk was 33:58:9 (v:v:v), the maximum GABA yield of L. lactis B was 6.41 g/L.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 41, Issue 1, 1 August 2008, Pages 48–52