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Location of functional region at N-terminus of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase by N-terminal mutation and its effects on PHA synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4418 225 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Location of functional region at N-terminus of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase by N-terminal mutation and its effects on PHA synthesis
Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase PhaC plays a very important role in biosynthesis of microbial polyesters PHA. Compared to the extensively analyzed C-terminus of PhaC, N-terminus of PhaC was less studied. In this paper, the N-terminus of two class I PHA synthases PhaCRe and PhaCAh from Ralstonia eutropha and Aeromonas hydrophila, respectively, and one class II synthase PhaC2Ps of Pseudomonas stutzeri strain 1317, were investigated for their effect on PHA synthesis. For PhaCRe, deletion of 2–65 amino acid residues on the N-terminus led to enhanced PHB production with high PHB molecular weight of 2.50 × 106 Da. For PhaCAh, the deletion of the N-terminal residues resulted in increasing molecular weights and widening polydispersity accompanied by a decreased PHA production. It was found that 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) monomer content in copolyesters of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx) increased when the first 2–9 and 2–13 amino acid residues in the N-terminus of PhaC2Ps were deleted. However, deletion up to the 40th amino acid disrupted the PHA synthesis. This study confirmed that N-terminus in different types of PHA synthases showed significant roles in the PHA productivity and elongation activity. It was also indicated that N-terminal mutation was very effective for the location of functional regions at N-terminus.

Keywords
Polyhydroxyalkanoates; PHA synthase; DNA; Recombinant DNA; Biosynthesis; Amino acids
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Location of functional region at N-terminus of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase by N-terminal mutation and its effects on PHA synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 41, Issue 1, 1 August 2008, Pages 67–73
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us