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Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using Cu/Zn supported on various solid-acid substrates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44218 46009 2006 14 PDF Available
Title
Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using Cu/Zn supported on various solid-acid substrates
Abstract

Several incipient wetness prepared catalysts containing copper and zinc were prepared in-house and reactor tested for the production of hydrogen from dimethyl ether steam reforming (DME-SR). The incorporation of copper and zinc onto a solid acid substrate (viz., zeolites ZSM-5 and Y with Si/Al = 2.5–140, γ-Al2O3, and ZrO2) combined the catalytic components for DME hydrolysis to methanol (MeOH) and methanol steam reforming (MeOH-SR) into a single catalyst. Catalyst characterizations included BET surface areas, metal loading, acidity measurements using isopropyl amine, thermogravimetric uptakes of DME, and X-ray diffraction studies. One co-ion exchange sample was tested and was found to be inactive toward DME-SR because of its inactivity toward methanol steam reforming. The most active catalyst was copper–zinc supported on γ-Al2O3, reaching an equilibrium predicted hydrogen yield of 89% (steam-to-carbon ratio (S/C) = 1.5, space-time(τ) = 1.0 s, T = 400 °C, and Pabs = 0.78 atm). Of the zeolite-supported Cu/Zn catalysts, copper–zinc supported on zeolite ZSM-5 with a Si–Al ratio of 25 was observed to be the most active with a hydrogen yield of 55% (S/C = 1.5, τ = 1.0 s, T = 275 °C, and Pabs = 0.78 atm).

Keywords
Dimethyl ether; Hydrolysis; Zeolites; Methanol; Alumina; Zirconia; Acidity; ZSM-5; Y; Steam reforming; Hydrogen; Fuel cells
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Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using Cu/Zn supported on various solid-acid substrates
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 309, Issue 2, 1 August 2006, Pages 210–223
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us