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Chromium–saponite clay catalysts: Preparation, characterization and catalytic performance in propene oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44228 46010 2007 12 PDF Available
Title
Chromium–saponite clay catalysts: Preparation, characterization and catalytic performance in propene oxidation
Abstract

Chromium–saponite catalysts have been prepared by two synthesis procedures. The first method consisted in the intercalation of the saponite with solutions containing aluminium and chromium oligomers with various molar ratios, while the second one consisted in the incipient wetness impregnation of alumina-pillared saponite with several chromium salts, ammonium chromate, Cr(II) acetate and Cr(III) nitrate. Several techniques, X-ray diffraction, nitrogen physisorption at −196 °C, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, infrared and DR-UV–vis spectroscopies, temperature-programmed reduction and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy at −196 °C, have been used to characterize and to compare the properties of the materials synthesized. The results show that the solids obtained combine the layered structure of the clay and the thermal stability given by the alumina pillars. The catalysts have been tested in the oxidation of propene, showing a catalytic behaviour according to the Mars–van Krevelen mechanism, the performance not depending on the method in which chromium was incorporated to the clay.

Graphical abstractChromium–saponite catalysts have been prepared by intercalation of saponite with Al–Cr oligomer solutions, and by impregnation of alumina-pillared saponite with chromium salts. Solids have been widely characterized, and their performance for oxidation of propene has been tested. The catalytic behavior agrees to the Mars–van Krevelen mechanism, the performance not depending on the method of incorporation of chromium to the clay. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Alumina-pillared clays; Chromia–alumina-pillared clays; Chromium catalysts; Propene oxidation
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Chromium–saponite clay catalysts: Preparation, characterization and catalytic performance in propene oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 327, Issue 1, 31 July 2007, Pages 1–12
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us