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The effect of barium on the catalytic behaviour of fresh and aged Pd-Ba-OSC/Al2O3 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44249 46011 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
The effect of barium on the catalytic behaviour of fresh and aged Pd-Ba-OSC/Al2O3 catalysts
Abstract

In this study, fresh and laboratory-aged (rapid ageing hot in laboratory (RAHLAB)) Pd-Ba-OSC/Al2O3 and Pd-OSC/Al2O3-La2O3 catalysts were investigated. The effect of low barium content on the behaviour of the OSC material (Ce1−xZrxO2 mixed oxides) was studied. The influence of the addition order of Ba, Pd, and OSC material in the catalyst washcoat was also examined. In a model reaction NO + CO, the catalytic activities and selectivities to N2 and N2O were analysed by the FT-IR technique. In addition, the effect of thermal ageing treatment on catalytic behaviour was investigated.The addition of barium was found to have several positive effects on the fresh Pd-Ba-OSC/Al2O3 catalysts. The catalytic activity (NO reduction by CO) was improved below the light-off temperature when barium was added into the catalyst. At 500 °C, the fresh catalysts were fully selective to N2. The barium-containing catalysts had a bit higher dispersion values compared to the sample without barium. The high surface area over the fresh barium-containing catalysts could explain partly the improvements in the dynamic oxygen storage capacity (OSC). Besides, that the barium-containing catalysts were more active than the Pd/(OSC-La2O3-Al2O3) catalyst, it was also observed that the addition order of barium has an effect on the catalytic activity of fresh catalysts. The fresh (Pd-Ba-OSC)/Al2O3 and (Ba-Pd-OSC)/Al2O3 catalysts were more active than the Pd/(OSC-La2O3-Al2O3) catalyst. This indicates that the interaction of Pd, Ba, and OSC was better on these catalysts.For the aged catalysts, the addition order of Pd, Ba, and OSC had no obvious effect on differences in catalytic properties between Ba-containing samples. All the aged catalysts had high selectivities to N2 at 500 °C. Characterisation results by XRD, chemisorption, and BET revealed that catalytic deactivation was occurring during the ageing process. This thermal deactivation was observed as a lower catalytic activity and a lower OSC compared to the fresh catalysts. The deactivation is due to the collapse of the surface area, sintering of Pd particles and solid–solid phase transitions observed in the bulk material. Therefore, Ba content (only ∼3 wt.%) in the catalyst was probably too small to stabilise the catalyst against sintering.

Keywords
Ageing; Barium oxide; Ceria-zirconia mixed oxides; Palladium; X-ray diffraction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 298, 10 January 2006, Pages 65–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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