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Surface and catalytic properties of pure CeO2 and MoO3-doped NiO/TiO2 system

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44344 46016 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Surface and catalytic properties of pure CeO2 and MoO3-doped NiO/TiO2 system
Abstract

Isopropanol conversion was carried out over TiO2 and pure and variously MoO3- and CeO2-doped NiO/TiO2 solids calcined at 300 and 500 °C. The concentration of NiO was varied between 9 and 23 mol% and those of dopants were changed within 1–6 mol%. The effects of calcination temperature, dopant concentration and NiO content on the activity and selectivity of various solids were investigated. The techniques employed were XRD, nitrogen adsorption at −196 °C and isopropanol conversion at 200–300 and 200–350 °C for the solids heated at 300 and 500 °C, respectively, using flow method. The results revealed that TiO2 (anatase) existed as major phase besides TiO2 (rutile), nickel titanate (major phase), NiO and NiMoO3 (minor phase) in heavily MoO3–NiO/TiO2 system. The rutile/anatase ratio was varied between 18% and 36% depending on calcination temperature and dopant concentration. Doping NiO/TiO2 decreased the crystallite size of anatase phase which varied between 7 and 23 nm depending on the amount of dopant added and calcination temperature of doped solids. The catalytic activity of TiO2 much decreased by increasing its calcination temperature from 300 to 500 °C. Opposite trend manifested in case of NiO/TiO2 solids. All solids investigated were selective in isopropanol conversion which proceeds, mainly, via dehydration yielding propene. Small amounts of acetone were produced via dehydrogenation of alcohol investigated specially at reaction temperature below 250 °C. MoO3 and CeO2 doping of the system investigated resulted in a considerable increase in its catalytic activity. The increase was, however, more pronounced in case of MoO3-doping. The selectivity of various solids was only influenced by the reaction temperature reaching >90% at temperatures ≥250 °C.

Keywords
NiO/TiO2; Isopropanol conversion; MoO3; CeO2-doping
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Surface and catalytic properties of pure CeO2 and MoO3-doped NiO/TiO2 system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 297, Issue 1, 4 January 2006, Pages 31–39
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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