Visible-light photocatalytic properties and electronic structure of Zr-based oxynitride, Zr2ON2, derived from nitridation of ZrO2
A new photocatalyst responsive to visible light was found in Zr-based oxynitrides derived from nitridation of ZrO2 in flowing NH3. Zr2ON2 with the bandgap of 2.6 eV functioned with irradiation of visible light, yielding H2 and O2 by water reduction and oxidation in the presence of sacrificial reagents, respectively. The Zr2ON2 was stable during the photocatalytic reaction. Calculation of electronic structure for the Zr2ON2, based on plane-wave-based density functional theory (DFT), gave information that the main components of valence and conduction bands were the O 2p, N 2p and Zr 4d atomic orbitals, and no isolated band existed within the bandgap. In this paper, the visible-light photocatalytic properties of Zr2ON2 are discussed in terms of the electronic band structure calculated.
Graphical abstractA novel Zr2ON2 was successfully prepared by nitridation of ZrO2 in flowing NH3. The absorption band was significantly shifted toward the visible region compared with that of ZrO2, as predicted by DFT calculations. Zr2ON2 was discovered to exhibit stable photocatalytic activity for water oxidation and reduction in the presence of sacrificial reagents under visible-light irradiation. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 324, 17 May 2007, Pages 77–82