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Vanadyl phosphate catalysts in biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44412 46025 2007 7 PDF Available
Title
Vanadyl phosphate catalysts in biodiesel production
Abstract

The possibility of using vanadyl phosphate (VOP)-based catalysts in biodiesel production has been investigated. Vanadium phosphate catalysts resulted very active in the transesterification reaction of triglycerides with methanol, despite their low specific surface area. A slow deactivation of the catalysts has been experimentally detected under the reaction conditions, but the catalyst can easily be regenerated by calcinations in air. The influence of the calcination treatment on the surface structure and, consequently, on its catalytic performances was deeply investigated. Both fresh and used catalysts were characterized by using several techniques, such as BET, X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–vis diffuse reflectance (DRUV) and laser-Raman (LRS). The characterization results showed that the deactivation is due to a progressive reduction of vanadium (V) species from V5+ to V4+ and V3+ by methanol. By comparing the obtained performances of VOP catalysts with the ones of other heterogeneous catalysts reported by the literature, it is possible to conclude that VOP catalysts can already be used industrially for biodiesel production but their performances can probably be greatly improved in perspective.

Graphical abstractVanadium phosphate (VOP) catalysts resulted very active in the transesterification reaction of triglycerides with methanol. A slow deactivation of the catalysts has been observed but the catalyst can easily be regenerated by calcination in air. The characterization results showed that the deactivation is due to a progressive reduction of vanadium species from V5+ to V4+ and V3+ by methanol. VOP catalysts could already be used industrially for biodiesel production but their performances can probably be greatly improved in perspective. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Transesterification; Biodiesel; Vanadyl phosphate; Heterogeneous catalysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 320, 22 March 2007, Pages 1–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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