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Catalytic steam reforming of dimethyl ether (DME) over high surface area Ce–ZrO2 at SOFC temperature: The possible use of DME in indirect internal reforming operation (IIR-SOFC)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44424 46025 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic steam reforming of dimethyl ether (DME) over high surface area Ce–ZrO2 at SOFC temperature: The possible use of DME in indirect internal reforming operation (IIR-SOFC)
Abstract

This study was aimed at developing a suitable reforming catalyst for later application in an indirect internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell (IIR-SOFC) fuelled by dimethyl ether (DME). It was found that, at temperature higher than 800 °C, DME decomposed homogeneously, producing CH4 and CH3OH with small amount of CO, CO2, and H2. High surface area Ce–ZrO2 can reform DME with steam efficiently at 900 °C, producing high contents of H2, CO, and CH4 without the presence of CH3OH in the product gas. The combination use of Ce–ZrO2 (as a pre-reforming catalyst) and Ni/Al2O3 in the single unit was proven to significantly improve the reforming performance. According to this combination, the role of Ce–ZrO2 is to first decompose CH3OH and some CH4 generated from the homogeneous decomposition of DME, while the role of Ni/Al2O3 is to reform CH4 left from the pre-reforming section and to maximize the yield of H2 production.As another approach, IIR-SOFC model was studied using an annular ceramic reactor, in which DME initially reacted with steam on Ce–ZrO2 + Ni/Al2O3 at the inner side of the reactor and then Ni/YSZ at the outer side. The stability and the yield of hydrogen production over this configuration were considerably higher than those of systems packed with single Ce–ZrO2, single Ni/Al2O3, and without the filling of catalyst. In addition, the degree of carbon formation on the surface of Ni/YSZ was significantly low. The successful development of this reforming pattern improves the efficiency of IIR-SOFC fueled by DME by eliminating the requirement of an external reforming unit installation.

Graphical abstractHigh surface area Ce–ZrO2 reform DME efficiently producing H2, CO, and CH4 without CH3OH presented in the product gas. The combination use of Ce–ZrO2 along with Ni/Al2O3 was proven to improve the reforming performance. IIR-SOFC model was then studied by initially feed DME to Ce–ZrO2–Ni/Al2O3 before reaching Ni/YSZ. The yield of hydrogen from this configuration was high, and the degree of carbon formation on the surface of Ni/YSZ was significantly low. Steam reforming of DME over IIR configuration at 900oC (non-catalyst/Ni/YSZ (▴), Ce–ZrO2/Ni/YSZ (●), Ni/Al2O3/Ni/YSZ (×), Ce–ZrO2 + Ni/Al2O3/Ni/YSZ (▵), and Ce–ZrO2–Ni/Al2O3/Ni/YSZ (○)) (4 kPa DME, and 12 kPa H2O).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Indirect internal reforming; Dimethyl ether; Ce–ZrO2; Solid oxide fuel cell
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Catalytic steam reforming of dimethyl ether (DME) over high surface area Ce–ZrO2 at SOFC temperature: The possible use of DME in indirect internal reforming operation (IIR-SOFC)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 320, 22 March 2007, Pages 105–113
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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