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Sol–gel-derived super-hydrophilic nickel doped TiO2 film as active photo-catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44509 46037 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Sol–gel-derived super-hydrophilic nickel doped TiO2 film as active photo-catalyst
Abstract

Pure and nickel doped TiO2 thin films on soda glass substrates were prepared by sol–gel dip coating process. The resulting films were annealed at 500 °C for 1 h and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV–vis-near IR techniques. AFM reveals that doping of Ni ions suppresses the grain growth of crystal in the TiO2 film. The contact angle with water of these films was measured by sessile drop method. The undoped films could be entirely wetted by water after 1 h UV illuminations, while 0.5 mol% Ni ion-doped films become entirely wetted after 20 min UV illumination. The photo-catalytic activity was characterized by photo-catalytic degradation of aqueous methyl orange under UV radiation. It is found that, with a suitable amount (2–10 mol%), the Ni dopant increases the photo-catalytic activity of TiO2 films. The mechanism can be attributed to these processes: (1) as the anatase grain sizes decrease with Ni doping and the specific surface areas of doped TiO2 films increase, the charge transfer in TiO2 film is promoted; (2) by enhancing the electron–hole pair separation and inhibiting their recombination, the Ni dopant enhances the charge pair separation efficiency for doped TiO2 films.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Sol–gel; Hydrophilicity; Photo-catalyst
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Sol–gel-derived super-hydrophilic nickel doped TiO2 film as active photo-catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 314, Issue 1, 25 October 2006, Pages 40–46
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us