Sorptive removal of Methylene blue from aqueous solution using palm kernel fibre: Effect of fibre dose
The use of palm kernel fibre, a readily available agricultural waste product for the sorption of Methylene blue from aqueous solution and the possible mechanism of sorption has been investigated at various fibre doses. The extent of dye removal and the rate of sorption were analyzed using two kinetic rate models (pseudo-first and pseudo-second-order kinetic models) and two diffusion models (intraparticle and external mass transfer models).Analysis of the kinetic data at different sorbent dose revealed that the pseudo-first order kinetics fitted to the kinetic data only in the first 5 min of sorption and then deviated from the experimental data. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model was found to better fit the experimental data with high correlation coefficients at the various fibre dose used. The dye sorption was confirmed to follow the pseudo-second-order model by investigating the relationship between the amount of dye sorbed and the change in hydrogen ion concentration of the dye solution and also the dependence of dye uptake with solution temperature. It was found that the change in hydrogen ion concentration and increase in sorption temperature were directly related to the amount of dye sorbed, and activation energy was calculated to be −39.57 kJ/mol, indicating that the dye uptake is chemisorption, involving valence forces through sharing or exchange of electrons between sorbent and sorbate as covalent forces.The intraparticle diffusion plots showed three sections indicating that intraparticle diffusion is not solely rate controlling. The intraparticle diffusion and mass transfer rate constants where observed to be well correlated with sorbent dose in the first 5 min of sorption, indicating sorption process is complex. It was found that at low sorbent dose the mass transfer is the main rate controlling parameter. However at high sorbent dose, intraparticle diffusion becomes rate controlling.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 40, Issue 1, 15 May 2008, Pages 8–18