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Role of cerium in promoting the stability of CuHM catalyst against HCl to reduce NO with NH3

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44608 46044 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Role of cerium in promoting the stability of CuHM catalyst against HCl to reduce NO with NH3
Abstract

To enhance the chlorine tolerance of copper ion exchanged mordenite (CuHM) catalyst under NH3-SCR reaction condition when HCl exists in the feed gas stream, mainly from a waste incinerator, a second metal, particularly cerium, has been additionally exchanged onto the catalyst along with Cu. It prevents Cu(II) ion from being evaporated from the catalyst surface by HCl and significantly improves the catalyst deactivation. The loss of copper from CeCuHM catalyst has been observed at a reaction temperature of 450 °C, while that from CuHM catalyst without Ce begins at 350 °C. Ce simply stabilizes Cu(II) ion on the catalyst surface, generally recognized as an active reaction site for the present reaction system. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) have been employed to identify the stabilization of Cu(II) ion on CuHM catalyst by Ce. As confirmed by SR-XRD, the lattice parameters of the unit cell of CeCuHM catalyst are less altered than those of CuHM catalyst without Ce during the course of the catalyst deactivation. Similarly, as identified by XPS, Cu(II) on the surface of CeCuHM catalyst is less transformed to Cu(I) ions. Ce ions and Ce–Cl compounds formed on the catalyst surface may decrease the average electronegativity of the catalyst and increase the charge of the lattice oxygen in the zeolite framework, resulting in an enhancement of the stability of the Cu–O bond in the present catalytic system.

Keywords
Selective catalytic reduction of NOx; Deactivation of CeCuHM by HCl; Cerium; XANES; EXAFS; XPS; SR-XRD
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Role of cerium in promoting the stability of CuHM catalyst against HCl to reduce NO with NH3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 312, 8 September 2006, Pages 165–174
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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