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Mathematical modeling and study of mass transfer parameters in supercritical fluid extraction of fatty acids from Trout powder

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4462 227 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Mathematical modeling and study of mass transfer parameters in supercritical fluid extraction of fatty acids from Trout powder
Abstract

Mathematical modeling of fatty acids (FAs) extraction from Trout powder by supercritical carbon dioxide was performed in the present work. Trout powder with its low cost contains high amount of essential FAs and it is commonly available as a proper source of FAs. The effect of process parameters, such as pressure (25, 28, 31, 34 and 37 MPa) and temperature (310, 318 and 326 K) of extraction and void fraction of the bed (0.25, 0.35 and 0.45, v/v) on the yield of FAs extraction was examined in a series of experiments conducted in a laboratory scale apparatus. The results indicated a significant increase of extraction yield with an increase of pressure from 25 to 34 MPa, but working at the higher pressure (37 MPa) caused reduction of the extract. Increasing the temperature higher than 318 K revealed significant reduction of the FAs yield and increasing the bed void fraction from 0.25 to 0.45 showed enhancement of the extraction.The mathematical model was developed considering diffusion-controlled regime in the particle and film mass transfer resistance around the particle with axial dispersion of the bulk phase at dynamic conditions. Henry law was used to describe the equilibrium state of solid and fluid phases. The proposed mass balance equations were numerically solved using implicit finite difference method and the model parameters were correlated using the experimental results of the outlet FAs concentration in the oil extracted at dynamic conditions. Well-known Nelder–Mead method was applied to estimate the four parameters of the model, namely, mass transfer coefficient (kf), axial dispersion coefficient (Dax) in the bulk phase, effective diffusivity (Deff) into the pores and Henry coefficient (H). In the range of studied conditions, the higher extraction efficiency with higher pressure resulted lower correlated H, although the temperature increasing which showed a retrograde phenomena in the FAs yield, revealed H passing though a minimum.

Keywords
Mathematical modeling; Supercritical fluid extraction; Trout powder; Fatty acids; Mass transfer coefficient
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Mathematical modeling and study of mass transfer parameters in supercritical fluid extraction of fatty acids from Trout powder
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 40, Issue 1, 15 May 2008, Pages 72–78
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us