Anaerobic digestion of solid slaughterhouse waste (SHW) at laboratory scale: Influence of co-digestion with the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW)
Mesophilic anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse waste (SHW) and its co-digestion with the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) have been evaluated. These processes were carried out in a laboratory plant semi-continuously operated and two set-ups were run. The first set-up, with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 25 days and organic loading rate (OLR) of 1.70 kg VS m−3 day−1 for digestion, and 3.70 kg VS m−3 day−1 for co-digestion, was not successful. The second set-up was initiated with an HRT of 50 days and an OLR of 0.9 kg VS m−3 day−1 for digestion and 1.85 kg VS m−3 day−1 for co-digestion. Under these conditions, once the sludge had been acclimated to a medium with a high fat and ammonia content, it was possible to decrease the HRT while progressively increasing the OLR to the values used in the first set-up until an HRT of 25 days and OLRs of 1.70 and 3.70 kg VS m−3 day−1, for digestion and co-digestion, respectively (the same conditions of the digesters failures previously). These digesters showed a highly stable performance, volatile fatty acids (VFAs) were not detected and long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) were undetected or only trace levels were measured in the analyzed effluent. Fat removal reached values of up to 83%. Anaerobic digestion was thus found to be a suitable technology for efficiently treating lipid and protein waste.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 40, Issue 1, 15 May 2008, Pages 99–106