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Low-temperature catalytic hydrogenation of silicon and germanium tetrachlorides on the modified nickel chloride

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44744 46344 2016 13 PDF Available
Title
Low-temperature catalytic hydrogenation of silicon and germanium tetrachlorides on the modified nickel chloride
Abstract

•The modified NiCl2 play an important role in reduction the value of the activation energy and reaction temperature of the catalytic hydrogenation SiCl4 and CCl4.•The modified NiCl2 catalyst shows the best results in a temperature range from 423 to 573 K.•The enhanced SiHCl3 yield of SiCl4 hydrogenation in the presence of silicide in temperature 673 K.

The catalytic reduction of SiCl4 and GeCl4 by hydrogen to silicon and germanium nanopowder was carried out over a modified nickel chloride catalyst. The effects of nickel chloride surface on the reaction were intensively investigated. The results show that modified nickel chloride surface play an important role in reduction the value of the activation energy and reaction temperature of the catalytic hydrogenation SiCl4 and GeCl4. Elemental analysis of the catalyst and reaction results demonstrate that the catalyst operates in a temperature range from 423 to 573 K. Further temperature increase above 623 K was impractical as it led to a change in catalyst composition and silicide/germanide is formed in reactor. The resulting knowledge has helped to assume the reaction mechanism which is based on the formation of SiCl2 and GeCl2 in the reaction zone. This study will be useful in understanding the reduction of SiCl4 and GeCl4 with hydrogen and provides information regarding the development of a SiCl4 converter for a Siemens reactor to produce poly-Si in the solar cell industry and produce Ge nanopowders with minimum energy consumption.

Graphical abstractIn this paper we are presenting a catalytic reduction of SiCl4 and GeCl4 by hydrogen to silicon and germanium nanopowder by a modified nickel chloride catalyst. The results show that modified nickel chloride surface play an important role in reduction the value of the activation energy and reaction temperature of the сatalytic hydrogenation SiCl4 and GeCl4.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Silicon tetrachloride; germanium tetrachloride; catalysis; hydrogenation; nanopowder; silicon; germanium; kinetic; nickel chloride
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Low-temperature catalytic hydrogenation of silicon and germanium tetrachlorides on the modified nickel chloride
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 198, 5 December 2016, Pages 334–346
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us